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The cargo of spices carried back to Spain by the Victoria alone paid for the expenses of the expedition.
The passage through the Strait of Magellan was too long and difficult to be a practical route from Europe to the Moluccas, however, and Spain sold her interests there to Portugal.
Magellan had learnt from a variety of sources that the South American continent was probably not joined to the conjectured Great Southern Continent, and that it was likely that the riches of the Far East might be attained by sailing westward around the tip of South America.
The route eastward was controlled by Portugal under the terms of the Treaty of Tordesillas.
cific Ocean and the first person to circumnavigate the globe.
Magellan was born in Sabrosa, northern Portugal, of a noble Portuguese family.
At the age of 12 he went to court as page to Queen Leonora, consort of the Portuguese King John II.
In 1505 Magellan went on the first of several naval voyages to India, helping two successive viceroys, Francisco de Almeida and Diego Lopez de Sequira, to wrest control of key Indian trading ports from the Arabs.
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They sailed northward along the west coast of South America, and then set out westward across the Pacific.
Magellan's exact route is not known but he sailed north of the many islands of the South Pacific, only sighting the barren outcrops of the Tuamotu Archipelago (the Islands of Disappointment).
One of the vessels, the Victoria, commanded by Juan Sebastián del Cano, completed the circumnavigation of the globe, by way of the Cape of Good Hope, finally going ashore at Seville on September 9, 1522.
Although Magellan did not live to complete the voyage, he did circumnavigate the globe (if he made the 1511 journey to the Moluccas) by passing the easternmost point he had reached on an earlier voyage.
Here he sighted a mountain and shouted "Monte video" ("I see a mountain") so giving the name to the city, founded two centuries later, which became the capital of Uruguay.